FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Aloe

 

Aloe

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassLiliidaeIncludes lilies, orchids, and many others
OrderAsparagalesA diverse group that includes asparagus
FamilyXanthorrhoeaceaeAloes, many tropical plants, flax lilies, daylilies, many others
GenusAloeMeans “goddess” in ancient Sanskrit, for its reputed use as a beauty aid

About plant names...

Surprisingly, aloes are closely related to the lily family. These dry-adapted plants store water in their thick, serrated leaves and produce stunning spikes of brightly colored flowers. Most aloes are natives of southern regions of Africa. The commonly-used medicinal plant, Aloe vera, is one of 450 members of this genus (see this overview by Gary Lyons, curator of the Huntington Desert Gardens). Also check out these aloe photos on Wikimedia Commons. Or check out this list of Aloe common names.

Online References:

Aloe on XericWorld.com

Aloe at Huntington Library

Aloe on Wikimedia Commons

Aloe on Gardening in the Coastal Southeast

References:

van Wyk, Ben-Erik; Smith, Gideon, Guide to the Aloes of South Africa, Briza, 1998

The following tables compare some of the aloes. I haven’t yet been able to identify the many aloes that are not shown in the tables.

 

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA
≈ 4 × 2½' (1.2 × 0.8 m) Species not yet identified

 
Aloe alooides

Aloe arborescens × ferox

Aloe barberae
Common Name

Graskop Aloe

Aloe

Large Tree Aloe
Plant These aloes have a single stem up to 6½' (2 m) high, the upper part of which is covered with old dried leaves. No info found. Up to 49' (15 m) high and 35" (90 cm) in diameter. Eventually forms a rounded crown.
Flowers

 

Photo by Karlostachys. Up to five unbranched, narrow flower spikes occur per plant. Each spike contains yellow flowers up to ⅜" (1 cm).
  Flowerheads are conical, up to 24" (60 cm) long. Individual flowers are 1-1¼" (3-3.7 cm) long, and pale yellow, orange-yellow, or salmon-pink; tipped with green.
Leaves Leaves are green, tinged red during droughts. They are wide and so curved that they often curl back to touch the stem. Leaf margins have small teeth.   Leaves grouped in dense rosettes up to 5' (1.5 m) in diameter. Leaves are dark green, roughly triangular in cross section but deeply channeled.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9-11
Habitats      
Type Wild Wild Wild
Occurrence      

 

 
Aloe broomii

Aloe camperi

Aloe classenii
Common Name

Berg Alwyn


Plant Leaf rosette up to 12" (30 cm) high; entire plant up to 5' (1.5 m). Short stemmed. These aloes have a short stem and reach 18-36" (45-91 cm) in height and up to 24" (60 cm) around. They often form colonies. 6-12" (15-30 cm) tall.
Flowers Flowering spike up to 5' (1.5 m) high, 2½" (7 cm) around. Flowers are covered by bracts, with only stamens and stigmas peeking through in a band, appearing orange.

 

Pink to orange and yellow, or uniform salmon orange color. They appear in April to May.
Red, yellow. See photo by Porphyrostachys.
Leaves   Dark green, with white flecks near the stem on the leaf undersides.  
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 8b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11
Habitats      
Type Wild Wild Wild
Occurrence     Critically endangered

 

 
Aloe confusa

Aloe dawei

Aloe distans
Common Name



Jewelled Aloe
Plant Stems are branched, and the branches are interwoven with the main stem. Up to 3' (91 cm) tall. Rosettes about 5" (12 cm) in diameter, up to 18" (45 cm) high. Crawls along the ground, with trailing, branching stems up to 9½' (3 m) long.
Flowers Racemes (flowerheads) are 3-4" (7.6-10 cm) long. Red-orange. Blooms December to February. See these photos.

 

Coral-colored.
Leaves 7-8" (17-20 cm) long and less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide. Teeth are small and widely spaced. Green succulent leaves with thorny margins. Blue-green, up to 6" (15 cm), with golden spines.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9-11
Habitats   Sandy desert soils, partial shade areas, good drainage, to 3800' (1.2 km)  
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe divaricata var. divaricata

Aloe elgonica

Aloe excelsa var. excelsa
Common Name

Vaotsohy


Zimbabwe Aloe
Plant 6½-9½' (2-3 m) high, rarely up to 20' (6 m). May have some branches. Dead leaves cover a portion of the trunk(s). 12-18” high. Plants are on trunks 9½-20' (3-6 m) tall.
Flowers Flower stalks heavily branched, each 6-8" (15-20 cm) long. Scarlet or pale pink.

 

Branched spikes of orange-red flowers 20-35" (50-90 cm) high. Photo by BotBln. Blooms May-September.

 

Spikes 12" (30 cm) tall, dark red or red-orange.
Leaves Leaf rosettes contain about 30 bluish-green leaves, each up to 26" (65 cm) × 2½" (7 cm). Leaf edges have reddish brown teeth. Toothed, bronzy red, fleshy leaves. Dark green leaves up to 3' (1 m) long and 1" (3 cm) thick.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11
Habitats     Wooded grasslands, woodlands, rocky outcrops, from 1476-5249' (450-1600 m)
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe ferox

Aloe greatheadii var. davyana

Aloe marlothii
Common Name

Bitter Aloe


Flat-flowered Aloe
Plant Up to 10' (3 m) high. Stem is unbranched, covered with dead leaves. Rosette up to 18" (45 cm) wide. No stem. A single stem, 12-18' (3.7-5.5 m) high, is covered with dead leaves. Plants are 6½-13' (2-4 m) in height.
Flowers

 

Large orange-red flower spikes, 24-48" (60-121 cm) above leaf rosettes.
Pale pink to red. Stalks have up to 6 branches, up to 20' (6 m) high. See desert-tropicals.com.

 

Red, orange, and yellow, branched like a candelabra. Photo by Pamla J. Eisenberg.
Leaves Dull green, slightly bluish. Spines are present on leaf edges and sometimes on leaf surfaces. Up to 9" (22 cm) long, green to deep ruby red, flecked with oval gray patches, triangular to lance-shaped. Gray-green to bluish-green, up to 5' (1.5 m) × 10" (25 cm) in size, broader than those of many aloes and tapering to a sharp tip. Maroon-colored teeth with orange tips occur along the leaf margins, and the leaf surfaces have spines.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9a-11
Habitats      
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe massawana

Aloe megalacantha var. megalacantha

Aloe mubendiensis
Common Name



Plant 18-24" (45-60 cm) tall. Often in groups, 20-39" (50-100 cm) high. No stem, rosette about 24" (60 cm) high.
Flowers

 

Red.

 

Flowering stalks are heavily branched, about 3' (1 m) tall, supporting conelike flowerheads with red or yellow flowers.
Up to 4' (1.2 m), red and yellow. See photos by allloe.
Leaves Leaves are edged with thorns. Leaves on upper part of stem, in groups of 24+, 24-31" (60-80 cm) × 5-6" (13-15 cm), curving back on themselves. Large reddish-brown spines (this is what megalacantha means). About 20” long.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11
Habitats      
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe ortholopha

Aloe rauhii

Aloe schomeri
Common Name


Snowflake Aloe

Aloe
Plant     12-18" (30-45 cm) tall.
Flowers     Yellow.

Aloe schomeri

Leaves      
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 10-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11
Habitats      
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe spinosissima

Aloe striata

Aloe succotrina
Common Name

Spider Aloe

Coral Aloe

Aloe
Plant Produces densely clumped rosettes 31-39" (80-100 cm) in size. Up to 18" (45 cm) tall and 24" (60 cm) around. It does not have a stem. Plants reach 3-5' (1-1.5 m) in height. Like other aloes, their leaves form rosettes.
Flowers 16-18" (40-45 cm) tall, and are bright coral-red. Coral colored, between orange and pink, on a raceme 8-12" (20-30 cm) in height. Blooms January and July. In a tall raceme up to 14" (35 cm) high. Each flower is tubular in shape, nodding, up to 1½" (4 cm) long, and red to orange in color. They appear in winter.
Leaves   Blue-green in color, with red-brown teeth. They are wider at the base, more triangular in shape, than many aloe leaves. Ascending, curved, shaped like the keel of a boat in cross section, tapering to a point, with sharp white bumps along the edges. They are about 20" (50 cm) × 4" (10 cm) in size.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9b-10
Habitats     Quartzite sandstone regions of the Cape folded mountains; on cliff faces and screes
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe suprafoliata

Aloe suzannae

Aloe variegata
Common Name

Boekaalwyn

Suzanne’s Aloe

Plant   Rosettes up to 3' (91 cm) around. Plants are 8-12" (20-30 cm) in height. New, central leaves push older leaves outward in a spiral arrangement.
Flowers

 

Red flowers on tall spikes.

 

Yellow, nodding. Photo by Charles Rakotovao.
Orange, on a raceme 8-12" (20-30 cm) high.
Leaves Leaf tips often red.   Dark green, with raised, light green bands, 4-6" (10-15 cm) long.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9-10

USDA Zones: 9b-11

USDA Zones: 9-11
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Aloe variegata ‘Ausana’

Aloe vera f.
Common Name

Partridge Breast Aloe

Aloe vera
Plant 8-12" (20-30 cm) in height. New, central leaves push older leaves outward in a spiral arrangement. 24-39" (60-99 cm) tall.
Flowers Orange, on a raceme 8-12" (20-30 cm) high.

 

Yellow, on a single spike.
Leaves Dark green, with raised, light green bands, 4-6" (10-15 cm) long. Green to gray-green, with small white thorns.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9-11

USDA Zones: 9-10
Type Cultivar Wild

 

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · By Robert Edmonston Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 4 × 3' (1.2 × 0.9 m) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 10/9/2016 · South Africa · By Benjamin Winslow ID is dubious

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA
≈ 11 × 7½' (3.5 × 2.3 m) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 12 × 17" (29 × 44 cm) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

Aloe (Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 25 × 17" (64 × 43 cm) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 10/5/2016 · South Africa · By Benjamin Winslow ID is dubious

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

 

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 5/25/2009 · Boyce Thompson Arboretum, Superior, AZ
≈ 15 × 21" (37 × 53 cm) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA
≈ 20 × 30" (51 × 76 cm) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 4/11/1979 · Huntington Library Cactus Gardens, San Marino, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA
≈ 3½ × 5½' (1.1 × 1.7 m) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 10/5/2016 · South Africa · By Benjamin Winslow ID is dubious

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 10/5/2016 · South Africa · By Benjamin Winslow ID is dubious

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

Aloe (Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 19 × 16" (47 × 41 cm) Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 7/15/1999 · South Africa · By Constance B. Kent Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA Species not yet identified

Aloe (Aloe)

(Aloe) · 2/26/2010 · San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA
≈ 4 × 5½' (1.2 × 1.8 m) Species not yet identified

Aloe description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 28 Aug 2013.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


Range:

About this map...