FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Anemone quinquefolia

Anemone quinquefolia L.

 

Wood Anemone

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderRanunculalesBasal (evolved earlier) eudicots, also called “true dicots”
FamilyRanunculaceaeButtercup family
GenusAnemoneFrom Greek anemos, “wind”
Speciesquinquefolia“Five-leaved”

About plant names...

Wood anemone is a North American native found in woodland habitats. Anemone is a corruption of the Semitic name for Adonis, whose blood was said to have brought forth the red-flowered anemone of the orient. Or, in a perfect example of how the origins of names are sometimes lost in the mists of history, Anemone could be from the Greek ánemos plus ōnē meaning “daughter of the wind,” a flower that can only open at the wind’s bidding. Either way, quinquefolia means “five-leaved,” and wood anemones are part of the family of buttercups.

Identification: Wood anemone, which spreads quickly via its root system, is often found covering large areas of woodland floors. It reaches heights of 1¾-12" (5-30 cm) in the spring, and dies back to its root system later in the season. Leaves are in groups of five or sometimes three, arranged evenly around the stem. Each leaf is about twice as long as it is wide, up to 2" (5 cm) long. Flowers are white or tinged with purple, often nodding, up to ¾" (1.9 cm) across, with five petals (actually tepals).

Edibility: I couldn’t find any definite information, but most members of the buttercup family are poisonous Skull & Crossbones, so wood anemone should be assumed poisonous as well.

Online References:

Anemone quinquefolia on Ontario Wildflowers

Anemone quinquefolia on Earl J.S. Rook's Flora, Fauna, Earth, and Sky ... The Natural History of the Northwoods

Anemone quinquefolia on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Anemone quinquefolia at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Anemone quinquefolia on BorealForest.org

Anemone quinquefolia on CalPhotos

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia on eFloras

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

5/9/2016 · Wonder Brook Park, Kennebunk Land Trust, Kennebunk, ME

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/17/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 15 cm)

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

5/7/2013 · J. Harry Rich Dirt Road, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 9" (16 × 23 cm)

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/28/2016 · Old Long Loop, Beaver Brook State Park, Hollis, NH

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/23/2010 · Nashua Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 3 × 3" (8.5 × 7.7 cm)

Anemone quinquefolia description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 14 May 2016.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/28/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 14 × 9" (35 × 23 cm) ID is uncertain

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/28/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

5/9/2016 · Wonder Brook Park, Kennebunk Land Trust, Kennebunk, ME

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

5/12/2014 · Big Bear Mountain, Brookline, NH
≈ 4½ × 3½" (11 × 8.9 cm)

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/29/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 4 × 3½" (10 × 9 cm)

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/22/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH
≈ 4 × 3½" (11 × 9.1 cm)

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/22/2010 · Stan and Connie’s Yard, Falmouth, ME · By Constance B. Kent

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

5/9/2016 · Wonder Brook Park, Kennebunk Land Trust, Kennebunk, ME

Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

4/17/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 4½ × 4" (11 × 10 cm)

Range:

About this map...