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Annona glabra

Annona glabra L.

 

Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderMagnolialesIncludes the custard apple family, magnolia family, nutmeg family, and others
FamilyAnnonaceaeThe custard apple family, flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs, and a few lianas. Includes Annona, Anonidium, Rollinia, Uvaria, Melodorum, Asimina, and Stelechocarpus
GenusAnnonaFrom the Arawak Indian word for sweetsop (Annona sqamosa)
SpeciesglabraSmooth or hairless

About plant names...

Pond apple is native to Florida, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and West Africa. In Sri Lanka and Australia it is considered an invasive. It is found in swamps and brackish water.

Plants: Trees are deciduous, up to 39' (12 m) in height and 10-20' (3-6.1 m) around, with a trunk 8-18" (20-45 cm) around. Seedling clusters often produce crowded clusters of trees that appear to be a single tree with multiple trunks. Older trees often become thicker, “buttressed,” at the base. Bark is highly variable, scaly or fissured, gray or brownish-gray.

Leaves: Ovate to oblong, simple, smooth-edged, hairless, and alternate. They are leathery and heart-shaped, 3-6" (8-15 cm) × 1½-2" (4-6 cm), with acute tips. Each leaf stem (petiole) is ½-1" (1.3-2.5 cm) long. Crushed leaves have a characteristic odor.

Flowers: Solitary, similar in shape to the fruit, hanging downward on thick stems, pale greenish-yellow to cream-colored, with triangular petals. A set of inner petals are blood red inside, or spotted with red near the base. They are ⅞-2" (2.5-6 cm) in diameter.

Fruits: Round, round but kind of squished, egg-shaped, heart-shaped, or even conical; up to 3½" (9 cm) around and 2½-6" (7-15 cm) in height. Each fruit is yellowish when ripe, and contains more than 100 caramel-colored seeds. Ripening fruits fall into water, where they float to new locations and sprout, unless they are eaten by alligators.

Edibility: Poisonous Skull & Crossbones Fruits are technically edible, although mealy and unpalatable, and seeds are poisonous to people. (If you handle the seeds, wash your hands before putting them near your eyes—they can cause blindness.) The fruits provide important food to many birds, raccoons, squirrels, turtles, and alligators.

Online References:

Annona glabra at the University of Florida IFAS Extension

Annona glabra on Wikipedia

Annona glabra on www.eattheweeds.com

Annona glabra on www.eol.org

References:

Nelson, Gil; Earle, Christopher J.; Spellenberg, Richard; More, David (Illus.); Hughes, Amy K. (Ed.), Trees of Eastern North America, Princeton University Press, 2014, p. 118

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/11/2015 · Big Cypress Bend, Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park, FL
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 25 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 31 × 21" (79 × 53 cm)

Annona glabra description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 2 Aug 2017.

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Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 24 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 14 × 10" (36 × 24 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 4 × 2½' (1.2 × 0.8 m)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 24 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 16 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/11/2015 · Big Cypress Bend, Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park, FL
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 25 cm)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 5 × 3' (1.5 × 1 m)

Annona glabra (Pond Apple, Alligator Apple, Swamp Apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, Monkey Apple)

4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 7 × 4½' (2.1 × 1.4 m)

Range: Zones 10a-12b:

About this map...