Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco
Norfolk Pine, Norfolk Island Pine
Norfolk Island Pine isn’t a pine, but it is from Norfolk Island, and nowhere else. Norfolk Island is between Australia and New Zealand. They are popular as house plants in America.
Identification: In natural settings, trees reach 164-213' (50-65 m), with a neat conical Christmas-tree shape. Leaves are needle-shaped, sharp-tipped but soft to the touch, almost like moss. Each needle is ⅜-½" (1-1.5 cm) in length and about ¹/₃₂" (1 mm) around. On older trees, the needles reach up to ⅜" (1 cm) and up to ⅛" (4 mm) around. The thickest leaves are at the top, along with the cones. Cones are cylindrical, 1-3" (2.5-7.6 cm) long. Female cones are spherical in shape, and 3-5" (7.6-12 cm) around. See also the similar-appearing monkey-puzzle tree.
Araucaria heterophylla on FLORIDATA
Araucaria heterophylla on The Gymnosperm Database
Araucaria heterophylla on Wikipedia
Araucaria heterophylla at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
Araucaria heterophylla at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Araucaria heterophylla on Wikimedia Commons
Araucaria heterophylla at the University of Connecticut Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Plant Growth Facilities
Araucaria heterophylla at the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (PDF)
Araucaria heterophylla on eFloras
Araucaria heterophylla description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.
Range: Zones 10-11: