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Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton

Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Rchb.

Barbarea stricta auct. non Andrz.

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Fr.

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. brachycarpa Rouy & Foucaud

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. longisiliquosa Carion

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. sylvestris Fr.

Campe barbarea (L.) W. Wight ex Piper

Campe stricta auct. non (Andrz.) W. Wight ex Piper

Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderBrassicalesMustard, cabbage, caper, papaya, nasturtiums, many others; most produce mustard oil
FamilyBrassicaceaeMustards, cabbages
GenusBarbareaNamed after St. Barbara and once generally known as her herb, or the Herba Sanctae Barbarae. According to legend, St. Barbara was beheaded by her own father, a wealthy heathen named Dioscorus, for expressing a belief in Christ
SpeciesvulgarisCommon

About plant names...

This native of Europe has become naturalized and widespread in North America after its introduction here.

Identification: Winter cress is common sight in disturbed fields, such as borders of croplands. It flowers early, producing dense clusters of bright yellow flowers. Plants reach heights of 8-32" (20-81 cm). Stems are often branched, and green, often tinged with purple. Flowers are about ¼" (6.3 mm) in diameter. Leaves near the base of the plant are deeply lobed, with the largest portion of the leaf at the tip, up to 8" (20 cm) long. Leaves above the base are small and inconspicuous.

Edibility: Young leaves may be eaten raw in salads. Older leaves become increasingly bitter, requiring boiling in several changes of water. By the time flower buds appear, the leaves are too bitter to eat, but the buds may be boiled for five minutes in two changes of water.

Online References:

Barbarea vulgaris on Ontario Wildflowers

Barbarea vulgaris on Missouriplants.com

Barbarea vulgaris on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Barbarea vulgaris at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Barbarea vulgaris on Wikipedia

Barbarea vulgaris on the USDA Plants Database

Barbarea vulgaris on the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide

Barbarea vulgaris on CalPhotos

References:

Peterson, Lee Allen, Peterson Field Guides: Edible Wild Plants of Eastern/Central North America, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977, p. 64

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/2/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 6" (11 × 14 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/9/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 3½ × 4" (9.2 × 11 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/5/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/25/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 3 × 2½" (7.4 × 6.6 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/25/2016 · Andres Art Institute, Big Bear Mountain, Brookline, NH

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/11/2013 · Townsend Wildlife Management Area, Townsend, MA
≈ 6 × 3½" (14 × 9.6 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/5/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/2/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 30 May 2016.

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Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/16/2016 · Oak Hill, Littleton, MA

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/14/2008 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 3 × 3½" (7.4 × 9.2 cm) ID is uncertain

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/27/2014 · Dunstable Rural Land Trust, Dunstable, MA
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/9/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 9" (14 × 22 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/5/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/27/2014 · Dunstable Rural Land Trust, Dunstable, MA
≈ 4 × 5" (10 × 13 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/27/2014 · Dunstable Rural Land Trust, Dunstable, MA
≈ 5 × 5" (12 × 13 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/17/2013 · Gibbet Hill, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 8" (16 × 19 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/27/2014 · Dunstable Rural Land Trust, Dunstable, MA
≈ 6 × 8" (14 × 20 cm)

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/5/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH

Barbarea vulgaris (Winter Cress, Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket, Yellow Rocket)

5/11/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 3 × 2½' (93 × 78 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

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