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Caesalpinia bonduc

Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

Caesalpinia crista auct. non L.

Guilandina bonduc L.

Guilandina crista auct. non (L.) Small

Gray Nicker, Nickerbean

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderFabalesLegumes (pea and bean families)
FamilyFabaceaeLegume family (peas and beans)
GenusCaesalpiniaNamed after Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603) of Italy
SpeciesbonducFrom French; then Arabic bunduq, “hazelnut;” then Greek Pontikòn (káryon), hazelnut, literally, Pontic nut

About plant names...

Nickerbean is widespread on tropical sea-shores.

Plants: Plants are a liana—a woody climber, like a vine—that clambers over other plants, reaching lengths of up to 98' (30 m). Branches are covered with straight or recurved spines.

Leaves: Bipinnate, with 3-9 pairs of pinnae, and 6-9 pairs of leaflets per pinna. Leaflets are ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong. ½-1¾" (1.5-5 cm) × ¼-⅞" (8-25 mm).

Flowers: Flowers are in racemes, yellow or greenish yellow, ⅜-½" (1-1.4 cm) long.

Fruits: Seed pods are initially green, becoming very dark brown to black. Each pod is covered with prickles, resembling a porcupine fish, and contains one or two pale gray or olive gray “nickernuts” about ¾" (2 cm) in size. The nuts are dispersed by floating in the ocean.

Online References:

Caesalpinia bonduc on www.seabean.com (Great photos)

Caesalpinia bonduc on www.nativeplants.hawaii.edu

Caesalpinia bonduc on Wikipedia

Caesalpinia bonduc on JSTOR Plant Science

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/10/2015 · Gulf Coast Visitor Center, Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 19 × 12" (47 × 31 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/10/2015 · Gulf Coast Visitor Center, Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL
≈ 20 × 18" (51 × 45 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/10/2015 · Gulf Coast Visitor Center, Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL
≈ 6 × 4" (15 × 10 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 27 Jun 2017.

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Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/10/2015 · Gulf Coast Visitor Center, Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 15 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 25 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 5 × 4" (13 × 10 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 12 cm)

Caesalpinia bonduc (Gray Nicker, Nickerbean)

4/13/2015 · Flamingo Campground, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 19 × 12" (47 × 31 cm)

Range: Zones 9-11:

About this map...