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Castilleja linariifolia

Castilleja linariifolia Benth.

Castilleja linariifolia Benth. var. omnipubescens (Pennell) Clokey

Castilleja linearis Rydb.

Castilleja trainii Edwin

Wyoming Indian Paintbrush, Narrow-leaved Indian Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Linaria-leaved Indian Paintbrush

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyOrobanchaceaeBroomrape family of parasitic plants
GenusCastillejaNamed for Spanish botanist Domingo Castillejo
SpecieslinariifoliaNamed for the resemblence of the leaves to those of genus Linaria. (Curiously, Linaria in turn means “resembles flax,” since some species’ leaves slightly resemble those of flax)

About plant names...

As with many other members of the Castilleja genus, Wyoming Indian paintbrush, the state flower of Wyoming, is native to several states in western North America. If you’re interested in Castillejas, don’t miss Mark Egger’s superb photographic compilation on Flickr. They appear from April to October. See also this Castilleja comparison table.

Identification: Plants are 12-40' (3.7-12 m) tall, and often branched. (Plants sometimes approach 6½' (2 m) in height.) Initially grayish-green, stems and leaves become tinged with purple over time. Leaves are linear, long and narrow, usually entire (undivided), though sometimes upper leaves are lobed. They are often curled, appearing almost tubelike. Flowerheads are ⅞-2" (2.5-5.2 cm) in size. Bright red bracts (modified leaves) about 1¼" (3.4 cm) long mostly hide drab yellow-greenish flowers within. Flowers appear from May to October. Fruits are two-chambered capsules.

Online References:

Castilleja linariifolia at Mark Egger’s Castilleja site on Flickr

Castilleja linariifolia on Turner Photographics' Wildflowers site

Castilleja linariifolia on CalPhotos

Castilleja linariifolia on the USDA Plants Database

Castilleja linariifolia on Wildflowers, Ferns & Trees of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah

Castilleja linariifolia at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Castilleja linariifolia on Wikipedia

References:

Turner, Mark, Gustafson, Phyllis, Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest, Timber Press, 2006, p. 367

Castilleja linariifolia description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Castilleja linariifolia (Wyoming Indian Paintbrush, Narrow-leaved Indian Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Linaria-leaved Indian Paintbrush)

8/30/2014 · Battleship Rock, Bandolier National Monument, NM
≈ 7 × 9" (18 × 24 cm) ID is uncertain

Castilleja linariifolia (Wyoming Indian Paintbrush, Narrow-leaved Indian Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Linaria-leaved Indian Paintbrush)

Immature plant. · 6/1/2009 · Bryce Canyon, UT
≈ 2 × 2½" (6 × 6.3 cm)

Castilleja linariifolia (Wyoming Indian Paintbrush, Narrow-leaved Indian Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Linaria-leaved Indian Paintbrush)

5/3/2007 · Death Valley Area · By Jeffrey A. Barry

Range:

About this map...