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Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh var. dasystemma (Torr.) Kearney & Peebles

Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyPyrolaceaeIncludes at least Chimaphila, Moneses, Orthilia, and Pyrola, and sometimes several genera usually placed in the family Monotropaceae
GenusChimaphilaFrom the Greek cheima, “winter weather,” and phelein, “to love,” from its evergreen habit and referring to one of the common names, wintergreen aka pipsissiwa or prince’s pine
SpeciesmaculataSpotted, referring to purple splotches on the stems of leaves or on petals

About plant names...

Pipsissewa comes from the Cree Indian name pipsisikweu, meaning “it breaks into small pieces,” from the mistaken belief that the leaves of this plant released a substance that would dissolve kidney stones. These plants are North American natives.

Identification: Pipsissewa is a low-growing plant (about 9" (22 cm)) that inhabits forest floors. It has thick, leathery leaves that are dark blue-green when mature, much lighter when young, and contain white stripes. The leaves are about 2" (5 cm) long and ⅜" (9.5 mm) wide. In the winter, the evergreen leaves turn purple. Nodding white flowers about ½" (1.3 cm) across appear on short stalks. These plants are endangered, so please don’t disturb them.

Online References:

Chimaphila maculata on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Chimaphila maculata at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Chimaphila maculata on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Chimaphila maculata at the Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History

Chimaphila maculata on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Chimaphila maculata on www.newhampshirewildflowers.com

Chimaphila maculata at 2bnTheWild.com

Chimaphila maculata at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation

Chimaphila maculata on SEINet—the Southwest Environmental Information Network

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

7/17/2009 · Mt. Lebanon St, Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 4 × 6" (11 × 15 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

7/4/2011 · Mike and Ellen’s, Milford, PA
≈ 6 × 7" (14 × 17 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

7/12/2013 · Wooden Bridge, East Pepperell, MA
≈ 3 × 3" (8 × 8.4 cm)

Chimaphila maculata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 5 Oct 2016.

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Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

Nashoba Conservation Land on Mt. Lebanon Rd · 7/16/2009 · Mt. Lebanon St, Pepperell, MA
≈ 5 × 7" (13 × 18 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

9/23/2007
≈ 4 × 2½" (10 × 7 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

7/7/2012 · Gibbet Hill, Groton, MA
≈ 3 × 3" (7.7 × 7.9 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

8/30/2010 · Old RR bed near Wilkins Farm, Pepperell, MA
≈ 12 × 8" (31 × 20 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

9/16/2017 · Wills Hole/Town Forest, Acton, MA
≈ 4½ × 5" (12 × 13 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

9/16/2017 · Wills Hole/Town Forest, Acton, MA
≈ 5 × 7" (12 × 17 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

7/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 4" (16 × 10 cm)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Pipsissewa)

4/22/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Range:

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