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Dianthus armeria

Dianthus armeria L.

Dianthus armeria L. ssp. armeria

Deptford Pink

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassCaryophyllidaeCacti, many other succulents, carnivorous plants, and leadworts
OrderCaryophyllalesIncludes cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and many carnivorous plants
FamilyCaryophyllaceaePink or carnation family
GenusDianthusFrom the Greek dios, “divine,” and anthos, “flower”: the divine flower or flower of Zeus
SpeciesarmeriaLatinized from the old French name armoires for a cluster-headed dianthus, this is also the Latin name for the Dianthus

About plant names...

Deptford pinks occur through most of North America. They are named for Deptford, in London, where they were once commonplace near the Thames river.

 

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/26/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Dunstable, Dunstable, MA
≈ 3 × 3½" (7.8 × 8.7 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/26/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 5 × 4" (13 × 10 cm)

This compares maiden pinks to the closely related Deptford pinks:

 
Dianthus deltoides
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Dianthus armeria
Common Name

Maiden Pink

Deptford Pink
Plant 6-18" (15-45 cm) in height. 12-30" (30-76 cm) in height.
Flowers ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) across, bright pink (sometimes lavendar or white), with five petals. They have a starlike ring near the center, and petals have serrated tips. Fowers from May to July. Smaller, ¼" (8.5 mm) around, bright pink, petals with serrated tips.
Leaves Narrow, bluish, grasslike leaves. Grass-like, 3" (7.6 cm) × ⅛" (3.2 mm).
Range/ Zones

Habitats Fields, roadsides, waste places. Meadows, disturbed areas, roadsides.
Type Wild Wild

 

Identification: When not in bloom, this diminutive plant is easily overlooked. Fortunately it is almost always in bloom, and its five-petaled ¼" (8.5 mm) pink flowers are unmistakable in their color, shape, and serrations. (Yes, the pinking shears used to cut zigzag edges for sewing are named for pinks.) Deptford pinks love sunny meadows and disturbed areas. The plants can reach 30" (76 cm) in height, but I rarely see these thin plants above 12" (30 cm) or so. Leaves are grass-like, 3" (7.6 cm) × ⅛" (3.2 mm).

Edibility: Like most pinks, these contain saponins, and are not edible.

Online References:

Dianthus armeria on Missouriplants.com

Dianthus armeria at Illinois Wildflowers

Dianthus armeria on Wikipedia

Dianthus armeria on Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses

Dianthus armeria on Wildflowers of the United States

Dianthus armeria at the Oregon Flora Image Project

Dianthus armeria on the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide

Dianthus armeria at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/11/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near NH Line, Dunstable, MA
≈ 3½ × 3" (8.7 × 8.2 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/27/2013 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 1½ × 1½" (4.2 × 4.3 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/22/2016 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/26/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 1½ × 1½" (4 × 3.9 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/26/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Dunstable, Dunstable, MA
≈ 3 × 2" (7.4 × 5.5 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/3/2005 · Pepperell, MA

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/27/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 3½ × 3" (8.6 × 7.9 cm)

Dianthus armeria description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 5 Oct 2016.

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Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/8/2016 · Dunstable Rural Land Trust, Dunstable, MA

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

Usually these have five petals. · 6/24/2015 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Ctr, Groton, MA
≈ 2 × 2" (5.5 × 5.1 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/12/2013 · Wooden Bridge, East Pepperell, MA
≈ 6 × 5" (14 × 13 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/27/2013 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 2½" (9.9 × 6.7 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

6/27/2016 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/4/2013 · ME
≈ 4 × 4" (10 × 11 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/21/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 3 × 4½" (7.9 × 11 cm)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

7/11/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near NH Line, Dunstable, MA
≈ 3½ × 2½" (9.3 × 6.2 cm)

Range:

About this map...