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Dimorphocarpa wislizeni

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni (Engelm.) Rollins

Dithyrea griffithsii Woot. & Standl.

Dithyrea wislizeni Engelm.

Dithyrea wislizeni Engelm. var. griffithsii (Woot. & Standl.) Payson

Spectacle Pod, Touristplant, Wizlizeni’s Spectaclepod

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderBrassicalesMustard, cabbage, caper, papaya, nasturtiums, many others; most produce mustard oil
FamilyBrassicaceaeMustards, cabbages
GenusDimorphocarpaLatin dimorphus, “having two forms,” and carpus, “fruit,” alluding to production of two fruit types in some species
SpecieswislizeniAfter Frederick Adolf Wislizenus (1810-1889), Army surgeon, explorer, botanist and plant collector of German birth who travelled extensively in the southwestern United States

About plant names...

Spectacle pod is native to the American southwest and Mexico. Its two-lobed seed capsules resemble miniature pairs of spectacles, hence the name. It prefers sandstone-based desert shrubland, or areas of pinyon-juniper and pondersoa pine, appearing at elevations of 1000-6500' (304-1981 m).

Plants: On branched or unbranched stems 4-28" (10-70 cm) tall. Buds, stems, and leaves are tomentose, covered with thick hairs.

Leaves: Alternate, pubescent. Basal leaves are lanceolate, and toothed or lobed, up to 6" (15 cm) long. Higher leaves become narrower and less lobed (or unlobed).

Flowers: Thick racemes of white to lavendar or pale pink flowers, each ⅛-¼" (4-8 mm) long, with 4 petals, purplish stamens and yellow-green anthers.

Fruits: Double-lobed winged silicle that splits at maturity into two lobes, each with a flat seed ¹/₁₆-⅛" (2-3 mm) wide.

Medical: This species has a rather long list of highly various medical uses by various indigenous peoples.

Online References:

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni on southwestdesertflora.com

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni on Wildflowers, Ferns & Trees of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni on Wikipedia

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni on www.americansouthwest.net

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni (Spectacle Pod, Touristplant, Wizlizeni’s Spectaclepod)

8/26/2014 · Northwest New Mexico Visitor Center, Grants, NM
≈ 7 × 9" (16 × 22 cm)

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 29 Jun 2017.

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Dimorphocarpa wislizeni (Spectacle Pod, Touristplant, Wizlizeni’s Spectaclepod)

8/26/2014 · Sandstone Bluffs, El Malpais National Monument, NM
≈ 7 × 10" (16 × 25 cm)

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni (Spectacle Pod, Touristplant, Wizlizeni’s Spectaclepod)

8/27/2014 · Petroglyph National Monument, NM
≈ 24 × 19" (60 × 49 cm)

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni (Spectacle Pod, Touristplant, Wizlizeni’s Spectaclepod)

8/27/2014 · Rio Grande Nature Center, Albuquerque, NM
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 28 cm)

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni (Spectacle Pod, Touristplant, Wizlizeni’s Spectaclepod)

8/27/2014 · Rio Grande Nature Center, Albuquerque, NM
≈ 7 × 9" (18 × 23 cm)

Range:

About this map...