FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Echinocereus engelmannii

Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelmann) Lemaire 1868

Cereus engelmannii Parry ex Engelmann 1852

Cereus engelmannii var. chrysocentrus Engelmann & Bigelow 1856

Echinocereus engelmannii var. chrysocentrus (Engelmann & Bigelow) Rümpler 1885

Cereus engelmannii var. variegatus Engelmann & Bigelow 1856

Echinocereus engelmannii var. variegatus (Engelmann & Bigelow) Rümpler 1885

Cereus munzii Parish 1926

Echinocereus munzii (Parish) L. D. Benson 1941

Echinocereus engelmannii var. munzii (Parish) P. Pierce & Fosberg 1933

Echinocereus engelmannii var. acicularis L. D. Benson 1969

Echinocereus engelmannii var. armatus L. D. Benson 1969

Echinocereus engelmannii var. purpureus L. D. Benson 1969

Echinocereus engelmannii var. howei L. D. Benson 1974

Hedgehog Cactus, Calico Cactus, Dagger-spine Hedgehog, Engelmann’s Hedgehog, Howe Hedgehog, Indian Strawberry Cactus, Munz’s Hedgehog Cactus, Needle-spine Hedgehog, Purple-spined Hedgehog, Strawberry Hedgehog, Varied-spine Hedgehog

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassCaryophyllidaeCacti, many other succulents, carnivorous plants, and leadworts
OrderCaryophyllalesIncludes cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and many carnivorous plants
FamilyCactaceaeSucculent (water-storing) plants, often spiny
GenusEchinocereusRibbed, small to medium-sized cacti
SpeciesengelmanniiAfter Georg(e) Engelmann (1809-1884), a German-born St. Louis physician and botanist, and prolific author on cacti, North American conifers and oaks

About plant names...

This hedgehog cactus is native to southwestern North America. They are found in the San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, White and Inyo Mountains, and deserts. Echinocereus is from the Greek for hedgehog or sea urchin, and engelmannii is for its discoverer, the prolific German-American botanist George Engelmann.

Identification: Plants occur in groups of up to 60 stems, with clumps reaching up to 3' (1 m) around. Cylindrical green stems with 10-15 ribs, 1¾-24" (5-60 cm) high and up to 3½" (9 cm) around, are nearly invisible under the copious spines. Spine groups are highly variable. 2-7 central spines up to 2½" (7 cm) long are haphazardly oriented and variable in color. Another 6-14 radial spines, smaller and whitish, lie close to the stem surface. Funnel-shaped flowers are usually deep magenta, varying from pink to red-purple. They bloom from May to June. Fruits are red, up to 1" (3 cm) long.

Echinocereus engelmannii (Hedgehog Cactus, Calico Cactus, Dagger-spine Hedgehog, Engelmann’s Hedgehog, Howe Hedgehog, Indian Strawberry Cactus, Munz’s Hedgehog Cactus, Needle-spine Hedgehog, Purple-spined Hedgehog, Strawberry Hedgehog, Varied-spine Hedgehog)

Echinocereus engelmannii flowers from the Desert National Wildlife Range, north of Las Vegas, NV. 4/26/2005. By Stan Shebs.

Edibility: Fruits are edible.

References:

Anderson, Edward F., The Cactus Family, Timber Press, 2001, p. 234

Online References:

Echinocereus engelmannii on CactiGuide.com

Echinocereus engelmannii at George and Audrey DeLange's Arizona wildflower site

Echinocereus engelmannii on Desert-tropicals.com

Echinocereus engelmannii on CalPhotos

Echinocereus engelmannii from the Jepson Manual

Echinocereus engelmannii description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 15 Oct 2013.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Echinocereus engelmannii (Hedgehog Cactus, Calico Cactus, Dagger-spine Hedgehog, Engelmann’s Hedgehog, Howe Hedgehog, Indian Strawberry Cactus, Munz’s Hedgehog Cactus, Needle-spine Hedgehog, Purple-spined Hedgehog, Strawberry Hedgehog, Varied-spine Hedgehog)

5/5/2014 · American Southwest (AZ or TX) · By Jacquelyn Boyt

Echinocereus engelmannii (Hedgehog Cactus, Calico Cactus, Dagger-spine Hedgehog, Engelmann’s Hedgehog, Howe Hedgehog, Indian Strawberry Cactus, Munz’s Hedgehog Cactus, Needle-spine Hedgehog, Purple-spined Hedgehog, Strawberry Hedgehog, Varied-spine Hedgehog)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Range: Zones 7-10:

About this map...