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Encephalartos manikensis

Encephalartos gratus var. manikensis

Gorongowe Cycad, Manica Cycad

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionCycadophytaAll cycads—primitive palm-like plants
ClassCycadopsidaCycads
OrderCycadalesLiving cycads (most are extinct)
FamilyZamiaceaeCycas that are superficially palm- or fernlike
GenusEncephalartosBread palms, bread tree, or Kaffir bread because they produce a breadlike starchy food
Speciesmanikensis

About plant names...

This cycad originates in Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and is not found in the wild in North America.

Identification: These robust cycads have stout trunks up to 5' (1.5 m) high. Leaves are 3-6' (1-1.9 m) long, composed of about 60 pairs of pinnae (leaflets), with lower pairs becoming smaller. The largest pinnae are 4½-6" (12-15 cm) long about ¾-⅞" (2-2.5 cm) wide, tipped with one or two spines. Male cones 10-24" (25-60 cm) tall occur in groups of 1-4. Female cones are somewhat larger, and woolly. These are an endangered species.

Online References:

Encephalartos manikensis at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney

Encephalartos manikensis in Flora of Zimbabwe

Encephalartos manikensis at the Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia

Encephalartos manikensis on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Species

Encephalartos manikensis on Wikimedia Commons

Encephalartos manikensis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Encephalartos manikensis (Gorongowe Cycad, Manica Cycad)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA

Range: Zones 9a-11:

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