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Epilobium hirsutum

Epilobium hirsutum L.

 

Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderMyrtalesIncludes myrtles, leadwoods, loosestrifes, pomegranates, evening primroses, many others
FamilyOnagraceaeWillowherb/evening primrose family
GenusEpilobiumFrom Greek epi, “upon,” and lobos, “a pod or capsule,” because the flower is attached directly to the ovary
Specieshirsutum“Hairy”

About plant names...

Great willowherb is native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia, and introduced to North America and Australia. Like purple loosestrife, it is invasive in wetlands, and is considered an invasive species in some areas.

Identification: Plants are up to 6½' (2 m) high, with multiply-branched, hairy stems. Leaves are opposite, ¾-4½" (2-12 cm) × ⅛-1¼" (5-35 mm), widest near the base, serrated. They attach directly to the stem, and are hairy on both sides. Flowers are rose pink, about ⅞" (2.5 cm) in diameter, with four notched petals. Seeds are flattened, about ¹/₃₂" (1 mm) in size, with a “parachute” of white hairs.

Edibility: Leaves can be used to make a tea called “kaporie tea” in Russian.

Online References:

Epilobium hirsutum on Discover Life

Epilobium hirsutum on the Ecology of Commanster

Epilobium hirsutum on CalPhotos

Epilobium hirsutum on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Epilobium hirsutum on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Epilobium hirsutum on ARKive: Images of Life on Earth

Epilobium hirsutum at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Epilobium hirsutum on eFloras

Epilobium hirsutum (Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream)

7/15/2012 · Slipway Restaurant, Thomaston, ME
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Epilobium hirsutum (Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream)

7/15/2012 · Slipway Restaurant, Thomaston, ME
≈ 3½ × 3" (9.5 × 7.9 cm)

Epilobium hirsutum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Epilobium hirsutum (Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream)

7/15/2012 · Slipway Restaurant, Thomaston, ME
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm)

Epilobium hirsutum (Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream)

7/15/2012 · Slipway Restaurant, Thomaston, ME
≈ 6 × 9" (14 × 22 cm)

Epilobium hirsutum (Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream)

7/15/2012 · Slipway Restaurant, Thomaston, ME
≈ 7 × 5" (18 × 13 cm)

Epilobium hirsutum (Great Willowherb, Hairy Willow-herb, Great Hairy Willowherb, Apple-pie, Cherry-pie, Codlins-and-cream)

7/15/2012 · Slipway Restaurant, Thomaston, ME
≈ 3 × 2½" (8.1 × 7.2 cm)

Range:

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