FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Galium odoratum

Galium odoratum (L.) Scop.

Asperula odorata L.

Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderGentianalesGentians, coffee, gardenias, frangipani, many others
FamilyRubiaceaeCoffee, madder, and bedstraw family
GenusGaliumFrom Greek gala, “milk,” because some Galium species were used to curdle milk
Speciesodoratum

About plant names...

Sweet woodruff is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia.

Some members of Galium:

 

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw)

5/12/2007 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 35 cm)

 
Galium aparine

Galium mollugo
You are here
Galium odoratum
Common Name

Catchweed Bedstraw

Smooth Bedstraw

Sweet Woodruff
Plant Stem is square stem, purplish in the spring, green as the plant matures. All parts of the plant are covered with tiny velcro-like hooks. Up to 3' (1 m), vinelike. Stems are square and smooth. Low-growing plant may reach 20" (50 cm) in length, but only about 8" (20 cm) in height. Plants have an appealing sweet scent
Flowers 4-petaled, white, ⅛" (3.2 mm) around, appearing from May to July. Hundreds of tiny white 4-petaled flowers ⅛" (3.2 mm) across, producing white masses. Small white flowers, each ⅛-¼" (4-7 mm) in diameter, are raised above the leaves on thin stalks
Leaves Whorls of 6-8 leaves every few inches, each 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) long. In whorls of 6-8, 1-1½" (2.5-3.8 cm) long, smooth. ¾-1¾" (2-5 cm) long, arranged in whorls of 6-9
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 4-8
Type Wild Wild Wild
Occurrence Common Common Common

 

Identification: This low-growing plant may reach 20" (50 cm) in length, but often forms flat mats on the ground, so it appears to be only a few inches high. Leaves are ¾-1¾" (2-5 cm) long, arranged in whorls of 6-9. Several such whorls can occur at regular intervals along the stem. Groups of small white flowers, each ⅛-¼" (4-7 mm) in diameter, are raised above the leaves on thin stalks. Plants have a sweet scent. Fruits are ¹/₁₆-⅛" (2-4 mm) in diameter, surrounded by tiny hooks like burrs.

Edibility: Sweet woodruff has been used as a flavoring agent, and for various herbal cures, but coumarin, which gives it its pleasant aroma, is toxic. The dried leaves’ odor is like vanilla and grass.

Online References:

Galium odoratum on Missouriplants.com

Galium odoratum on Wikipedia

Galium odoratum in Paghat's Garden

Galium odoratum on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Galium odoratum on Wikimedia Commons

Galium odoratum on CalPhotos

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw)

4/24/2007 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw)

5/7/2010 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Galium odoratum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw)

5/8/2007 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 5 × 3½' (1.6 × 1 m)

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw)

5/2/2010 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff, Sweetscented Bedstraw)

5/8/2007 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Range: Zones 4-8:

About this map...