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Gaylussacia baccata

Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch

Decachaena baccata (Wangenh.) Small

Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyEricaceaeHeath or heather family
GenusGaylussaciaFor chemist and physicist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
SpeciesbaccataHaving pulpy, berry-like fruits, from Latin bacca for a small, round fruit

About plant names...

Black huckleberry is a North American native.

Identification: Shrubs are 12-36" (30-91 cm) in height, with stiff branches that are light brown or greenish when young, changing to gray or black with age. Shrubs are found in colonies. Leaves are oval, becoming orange/red in the fall. Leaves are coated with gold-colored resin glands. The resin can be seen by rubbing the leaves between your fingers, or on a piece of paper. Flowers are pink, about ⅜" (9.5 mm) in size, and urn-shaped, in racemes. They bloom from May to July. Berries contain 10 seeds, fewer than blueberries.

This Gaylussacia and Vaccinium comparison chart com­pares these closely related genera, both of which contain plants called huckleberries.

Edibility: Delicious raw or cooked, though seedy; spicy and sweet.

Online References:

Gaylussacia baccata at Illinois Wildflowers

Gaylussacia baccata at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Gaylussacia baccata on www.nswildflora.ca (excellent photos)

Gaylussacia baccata at the University of Michigan Herbarium

Gaylussacia baccata on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Gaylussacia baccata at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Gaylussacia baccata on www.carolinanature.com

Gaylussacia baccata on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/18/2016 · Barred Island Preserve, Deer Isle, ME ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/18/2016 · Barred Island Preserve, Deer Isle, ME ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

6/16/2013 · Sonny and Donna’s, Tenant’s Harbor, ME
≈ 4½ × 4½" (11 × 11 cm) ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 14 × 9" (35 × 23 cm) ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 5 Oct 2016.

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Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

6/16/2013 · Sonny and Donna’s, Tenant’s Harbor, ME
≈ 5 × 8" (12 × 19 cm) ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/28/2013 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia Naitonal Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 7 × 5" (18 × 13 cm)

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 14 × 9" (35 × 23 cm) ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/18/2016 · Barred Island Preserve, Deer Isle, ME ID is uncertain

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

9/28/2013 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia Naitonal Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 16 cm)

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry, Common Huckleberry)

6/16/2013 · Sonny and Donna’s, Tenant’s Harbor, ME
≈ 6 × 4" (16 × 10 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...