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Geranium maculatum

Geranium maculatum L.

 

Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderGeranialesBalsams, mustards, geraniums, wood sorrels, nasturtiums, others
FamilyGeraniaceaeGeranium or cranesbill family
GenusGeraniumFrom the Greek γέρανος, géranos (or γερανός, geranós), “crane,” because some of the fruits resemble a crane’s bill
SpeciesmaculatumLatin for "spotted, blotched" (from Stearn's Botanical Latin)

About plant names...

Wild geranium is native to northeastern North America. They prefer damp but well-drained soils, appearing in forests and also in full sun if there is ample moisture.

Plants: Plants are 12-30" (30-76 cm) in size, usually unbranched. They are quite often found in dense colonies.

Leaves: There are two levels of leaves. A loose cluster of basal leaves, more or less obscured by foliage above, and opposite pairs of leaves on the lower part of each stem. Leaves are hairy and palmate: deeply divided into three or five sections, each of which are once again divided. Each division is toothed. Their overall size is 4-5" (10-12 cm), on a long hairy petiole (stem) up to 12" (30 cm).

Flowers: Flowers are attractive, pale to deep pink, lilac, or rarely white, ⅞-1½" (2.5-4 cm) in diameter, with 5 petals and 10 yellow-tipped stamens. They appear in loose corymbs or umbels of 2-5, flowering from April to May.

Fruits: Each fruit is a capsule with five cells, each containing a seed joined to a long beak-like column ¾-1" (2-3 cm). The common name cranesbill derives from the seed’s resemblance to a crane’s bill. As the capsule matures, it dries out, finally snapping open to fling seeds.

Online References:

Geranium maculatum at Illinois Wildflowers

Geranium maculatum on ozarkedgewildflowers.com

Geranium maculatum on Wikipedia

Geranium maculatum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Geranium maculatum at Minnesota Wildflowers

References:

Clemants, Steven; Gracie, Carol, Wildflowers in the Field and Forest, Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 124

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/14/2012 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/28/2015 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 5" (14 × 12 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

6/1/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 6 × 4½" (16 × 11 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/29/2010 · Maine Audubon Gilsland Farm Audubon Center, Falmouth, ME
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/28/2017 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Wildflower Trail, Hollis, NH
≈ 5 × 3½" (13 × 9.2 cm)

Geranium maculatum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 1 Jul 2017.

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Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/21/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 7 × 4½" (16 × 12 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

8/1/2009 · Gordon & Kathy’s, Prospect, ME
≈ 20 × 13" (50 × 33 cm) ID is uncertain

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/23/2016 · Wildflower Trail, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

4/15/1979 · VA · By Tim Chandler

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/29/2010 · Maine Audubon Gilsland Farm Audubon Center, Falmouth, ME
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/28/2015 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 16 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

6/3/2014 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

7/20/2004 · AK · By Constance B. Kent

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium)

5/28/2015 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 5 × 4½" (13 × 11 cm)

Range:

About this map...