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Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata

Glandularia bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt. var. ciliata (Benth.) B.L. Turner

Glandularia bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt. var. brevispicata Umber

Glandularia wrightii (A. Gray) Umber

Verbena ambrosiifolia Rydb. ex Small

Verbena bipinnatifida Nutt. var. brevispicata (Umber) Moldenke

Verbena bipinnatifida Nutt. var. latilobata L.M. Perry

Verbena ciliata Benth.

Verbena ciliata Benth. var. pubera (Greene) L.M. Perry

Verbena pubera Greene

Verbena wrightii A. Gray

Dakota Verbena

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyVerbenaceaeVerbena (vervain) family, about 3,000 species
GenusGlandulariaAccording to Umberto Quattrocchi, this is from the Latin glandulae, “a little acorn, tonsils”
SpeciesbipinnatifidaTwice pinnately divided
var.ciliataName given to indicate a slight fringing like an eyelash that might occur on petals, leaves, petioles or other plant parts

About plant names...

Dakota verbena is native to the American southwest. It appears in fields, grasses, and scrublands.

Plants: Plants are annuals or short-lived perennials, 4-16" (10-40 cm) tall. They are variable, sometimes low and matted, sometimes taller. They may cover wide expanses of ground. Stems are branched and ribbed, and purple or green; and both stems and leaves are hairy.

Leaves: Opposite, twice pinnate, thick, dark or gray green, hairy, up to 2½" (6.3 cm) long. (Technically the leaves are pinnatifid, that is, the divisions don’t reach all the way to midveins.) Leaves are rolled under, and have deep veins.

Flowers: Rounded, almost spherical clusters of pink, lavendar, or purple flowers, about 2" (5 cm) around. Each flower has five notched petals and a thin tubular throat (the corolla) up to ½" (1.5 cm) long. The calyx of each flower in this variety is densely covered with glandular hairs, while G. bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida lacks glands. They appear from February to October.

Fruits: Four nutlets, each ¹/₁₆-⅛" (2-3 mm) long.

Online References:

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata on www.americansouthwest.net

Glandularia bipinnatifida at Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and the Plants of the Sonoran Desert

Glandularia bipinnatifida at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Glandularia bipinnatifida on texas.wildflowersightings.org

Glandularia bipinnatifida on npsot.org

Glandularia bipinnatifida on SEINet—the Southwest Environmental Information Network

Glandularia bipinnatifida (Dakota Verbena)

8/26/2014 · Rt. 53, El Malpais Nat. Monument, El Caldaron Area, El Malpais, NM
≈ 9 × 5" (21 × 13 cm)

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Jul 2017.

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Glandularia bipinnatifida (Dakota Verbena)

8/26/2014 · Rt. 53, El Malpais Nat. Monument, El Caldaron Area, El Malpais, NM
≈ 11 × 7" (28 × 18 cm)

Glandularia bipinnatifida (Dakota Verbena)

8/26/2014 · Rt. 53, El Malpais Nat. Monument, El Caldaron Area, El Malpais, NM
≈ 10 × 7" (25 × 16 cm)

Glandularia bipinnatifida (Dakota Verbena)

8/26/2014 · Rt. 53, El Malpais Nat. Monument, El Caldaron Area, El Malpais, NM
≈ 7 × 6" (17 × 15 cm)

Range:

About this map...