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Justicia californica

Justicia californica (Benth.) D. Gibson

Beloperone californica Benth.

Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyAcanthaceaeAcanthus family, of tropical herbs and shrubs
GenusJusticiaNamed for James Justice, a Scottish horticulturist
Speciescalifornica“Of or from California”

About plant names...

Chuparosa, Spanish for “hummingbird,” is native to desert regions in North America.

Identification: Chuparosa is found in the Sonoran deserts between elevations of 1000' (304 m) and 2500' (762 m). It is a rounded shrub up to 6' (1.8 m) high and about twice as wide, with numerous gray-green branches. It drops its leaves during some seasons, but if they are present, they are grayish green, with smooth edges and soft hairs, ¼-1" (6.3-25 mm) long. Leaves may be rounded, triangular, or egg-shaped. It forms clusters of tubular scarlet or red-orange flowers, 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) long, intermittently all year. (Rarely, flowers are yellow.) Each flower has a lower petal that curls downward and back somewhat, and a yellow-orange interior. The flowers are usually oriented horizontally, perfect for the hummingbirds they attract.

Online References:

Justicia californica at the Anza-Borrego Desert Natural History Association

Justicia californica as Compiled by the Master Gardeners of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension

Justicia californica on CalPhotos

Justicia californica at Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and the Plants of the Sonoran Desert

Justicia californica on Desert-tropicals.com

Justicia californica on Desert Connections

Justicia californica at the Sonoran Desert Naturalist

Justicia californica at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Justicia californica on Keir Morse's site, Keirosity.com

Justicia californica from the Jepson Manual

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/17/2007 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA ID is uncertain

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

Not sure about the yellow flowers. · 2/17/2007 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA ID is uncertain

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 6 × 9" (15 × 23 cm)

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Justicia californica description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/17/2007 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA ID is uncertain

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Justicia californica (Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush)

2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Range: Zones 8b-10:

About this map...