Magnolia fraseri Walter
Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia
The large leaves of this tree, radiating in a whorl from a leaf tip, are shaped so they just overlap each other, creating the “umbrellas.” They also have “ear lobes” at the base. Fraser magnolias are native to the southeastern United States.
Identification: Trees reach 46' (14 m) (max 73' (22 m)), often with multiple trunks or low branches. Trunks are up to 24" (60 cm) in diameter. Bark is fairly smooth and gray, covered with small wartlike lenticels. Leaves are 6-10" (15-25 cm) long × 3-7" (8-18 cm) wide (max about double that), with smooth edges, green above, bluish green below, and unusually shaped. Flowers are 6-10" (16-25 cm) in diameter, composed of nine spoon-like tepals, cream-colored. The flowers are said to smell like a “wet goat.” In the center of each flower is a woody, cone-shaped fruit, 2½-4½" (6.5-12 cm) long. The cone tips produce red fruits.
Magnolia fraseri on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook
Magnolia fraseri on Wikipedia
Magnolia fraseri at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site
Magnolia fraseri at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
Magnolia fraseri on the University of British Columbia Botanical Garden & Centre for Plant Research forums
Magnolia fraseri at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site
Magnolia fraseri at Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum (PDF)
Magnolia fraseri description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.