Pachysandra terminalis Siebold & Zucc.
Pachysandra, Japanese Spurge
Japanese pachysandra is native to Japan and northern and central China. It has escaped in eastern North America, and is a borderline invasive in some areas.
Identification: A evergreen ground cover, forming thick mats 10" (25 cm) tall. Leaves are medium green, darkening to dark green, glossy or waxy looking, alternate. They are oval in shape, toothed at the far end, 2-3½" (5-8.9 cm) × ½-1¼" (1.3-3.2 cm). Flowers are fragrant, white to cream-colored, in clusters above the foliage 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) in size. They appear from late March to early April. Tiny white fruits occur only sometimes and are easily missed.
Pachysandra terminalis at Illinois Wildflowers
Pachysandra terminalis at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium
Pachysandra terminalis at the University of Connecticut Plant Database
Pachysandra terminalis at the Missouri Botanical Garden
Pachysandra terminalis on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Pachysandra terminalis on www.dcnr.pa.gov
Pachysandra terminalis on www.na.fs.fed.us (PDF)
Pachysandra terminalis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 2 Jan 2019.
Range: Zones 5-9: