Pinus ponderosa C. Lawson
Ponderosa Pine, Yellow Pine, Pino Real, Western Yellow Pine, Bull Pine, Black Jack Pine, Western Red Pine, Western Pitch Pine
Ponderosa pine is native to western North America.
Identification: Trees are 60-130' (18-39 m) tall, to a maximum of 260' (79 m). Trunks measure 31-47" (80-120 cm) in diameter (max 8' (2.5 m)). Twigs are orange-brown, rough, and springy. Needles occur in groups of 2-5, with three most common. Each needle is 2½-10" (7-25 cm) × ¹/₃₂" (1.5 mm), deep yellow-green, and slightly twisted. Cones are about 4½" (11 cm) long, oval to cylindrical when immature, maturing to be more egg-shaped.
For further information, see the Pinus comparison tables.
Pinus ponderosa on The Gymnosperm Database
Pinus ponderosa on Wikipedia
Pinus ponderosa at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site
Pinus ponderosa at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
Pinus ponderosa on Erv Evans' site at the North Carolina State University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Pinus ponderosa on Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness
Pinus ponderosa on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database
Pinus ponderosa description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.
Range: Zones 5-10: