|Kingdom||Plantae||Plants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta||Vascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients|
|Division||Magnoliophyta||Flowering plants, also known as angiosperms|
|Class||Liliopsida||Monocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family|
|Subclass||Liliidae||Includes lilies, orchids, and many others|
|Order||Liliales||Includes lilies, tulips, trilliums, greenbriars, and others|
|Genus||Smilax||Greek for “clasping”|
About plant names...
Sarsaparilla (Spanish for “little grape vine”) is a group of vines of the genus Smilax, native
to Honduras and Jamaica, whose extracts have been used
to flavor soft drinks or as a medicine. Both Smilax officinalis and Smilax regelii are used, along with other species of this genus. Harvesting of the long tough roots is very
labor-intensive. Other varieties of Smilax, such as common greenbrier and smooth carrion flower, are common weeds.
North American wild sarsaparilla is often confused with “real” sarsaparilla. Here
are some other sources of confusion:
|Wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
||Short plants, less than 2’ high, often found in North American forests, with bare stems topped
with leaves in groups of three.
|Bristly sarsaparilla (Aralia hispida)
||A close relative of wild sarsaparilla, but with stems that are covered with bristly hairs; stems of A. nudicaulis are
|Sarsaparilla (Smilax officinalis and other species)
||A vine native to Jamaica, reaching up to 50’ in length, with long underground roots that
have been used in some soft drinks and for various ailments.
|Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
||An unrelated but highly toxic plant that is vaguely similar in appearance
to wild sarsaparilla, and
also has leaves in groups of three.
sarsaparilla tree (Alphitonia petriei)
||A fast-growing evergreen tree with bark and leaves that smell like liniment when rubbed.
Edibility: Several species of Smilax have been used to
flavor root beer as well as the soft drink sarsaparilla, a drink that was fairly common when I was a kid, and even more common in
the old west. However, the sarsaparilla soft drink was
principally flavored by birch oil and sassafras bark. Today the drink is still available in a few places.
This is a syrup that can be used to make your own. See also these winemaking recipes.
Smilax on Google Books
Smilax on Henriette’s Herbal Homepage
Smilax on www.rain-tree.com
Sarsaparilla on Wikipedia
Smilax description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 15 Oct 2013.
© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.
Smooth Carrion Flower (Smilax herbacea) · 5/29/2010 · Maine Audubon Gilsland Farm Audubon Center, Falmouth, ME
≈ 7 × 9" (18 × 22 cm)
Common Greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia) · 7/18/2011 · Sue and Rai’s