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Tragopogon lamottei

Tragopogon lamottei Rouy

Tragopogon orientalis L.

Tragopogon pratensis L.

Tragopogon pratensis L. ssp. orientalis (L.) Celak.

Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderAsteralesFlowering plants with a central disk flower and surrounding petals, like daisies
FamilyAsteraceaeThe aster family, which also includes daisies and sunflowers; from the Greek ἀστήρ, “star,” for the star-shaped flowers
GenusTragopogonDerived from two Greek words tragos meaning “goat” and pogon meaning “beard,” suggested by its prominent, feathery hairs when in seed
SpecieslamotteiFor the eminent 20th century French ecologist, Maxime Lamotte

About plant names...

Meadow salsify was introduced by early Europeans because its roots are edible. It has become common to invasive in many parts of temperate North America. Why is it called Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon? Ask the Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon fairy.

Plants: Plants are 12-39" (30-100 cm) in height. Broken stems and leaves exude a milky latex. This plant has a two-year lifespan (biennial). In the first year, it forms a basal rosette of leaves. In the second year it produces flowers.

Leaves: Lanceolate, grasslike, hairless, tapering to a long narrow tip, and less than 12" (30 cm) long. The leaves are alternate, and clasp the stem.

Flowers: Yellow, about 1¾" (5 cm) around. Blooms open in the morning and close in the afternoon. Buds have purple stripes. Flowers appear late spring to mid-summer.

Fruits: Produces a pappas—a round seedhead of achenes, each on its own tiny “pararchute,” similar to dandelions.

Edibility: Young roots are edible raw. Older roots should be cooked like parsnips. Young shoots and leaves can be used raw or cooked in soups or salads. The flowering stem and buds, cooked like asparagus, are also edible.

Online References:

Tragopogon lamottei at Illinois Wildflowers

Tragopogon lamottei on Wildflowers, Ferns & Trees of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah

Tragopogon lamottei on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site

Tragopogon lamottei on www.invasiveplantatlas.org

Tragopogon lamottei on wildflowerfinder.org.uk

Tragopogon lamottei on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

References:

Clemants, Steven; Gracie, Carol, Wildflowers in the Field and Forest, Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 220

Tragopogon lamottei (Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Tragopogon lamottei description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.

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Tragopogon lamottei (Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard)

6/10/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Tragopogon lamottei (Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Tragopogon lamottei (Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Tragopogon lamottei (Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Tragopogon lamottei (Meadow Salsify, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy Goat’s-beard, Meadow Goat’s-beard)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Range: Zones 3-7:

About this map...