Aronia ×prunifolia (Marshall) Rehder (pro sp.)
Adenorachis atropurpurea (Britton) Nieuwl.
Aronia floribunda (Lindl.) Spach nom. illeg.
Aronia floribunda (Lindl.) Sweet
Mespilus prunifolia Marshall
Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers. var. atropurpurea (Britton) Seymour
Aronia atropurpurea Britton
Photinia floribunda (Lindl.) K.R. Robertson & Phipps
Pyrus arbutifolia (L.) L. f. var. atropurpurea (Britton) B.L. Rob.
Pyrus floribunda Lindl.
Sorbus arbutifolia (L.) Heynh. var. atropurpurea (Britton) C.K. Schneid.
Aronia floribunda (Lindl.) Spach
Aronia prunifolia (Marsh.) Rehder
Wild chokeberries like the red chokeberry are native to eastern North America.
Identification: These reach up to 8' (2.4 m) in height, with a spread of about 4' (1.2 m). They are composed of many thin, flexible stems and assume a tall, thin overall shape. Leaves are alternate, obovate, 1½-3½" (3.8-8.9 cm) × ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm), shiny on top, finely hairy and grayish green below, with fine serrations. In the fall, leaves are reddish purple or bright red. Blooms are white, sometimes pinkish, with five petals, about ¼" (6.3 mm) around, and fragrant. Berries are bright red and fairly hard, about ⅜" (9.5 mm), like tiny apples. Berries are about ¼" (6.3 mm) around, in clusters, and last well into winter. Don’t confuse chokeberries and chokecherries.
Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’
|Plant||6-15' (1.8-4.6 m) high||A large shrub or small tree up to 18' (5.5 m) high|
|Flowers||Bunches (“racemes”) of 15-30 white flowers, each about ½" (1.3 cm) in size|
|Leaves||Leaves turn deep ruby red in fall.||Fine serrations, dark above and pale green underneath|
|Fruit||Red, about ¼-⅜" (6.3-9.5 mm) in diameter, very sour||Bright red to dark red or black, ¼-⅝" (6.3-15 mm) in diameter, extremely sour|
USDA Zones: 4-9
|Habitats||Moist woods; stream banks; prairie hillsides; fence rows; rocky bluffs; roadsides|
Edibility: The berries are not poisonous, but they are so tart that they cause choking. Cooked and sweetened, they find their way into jams, syrups, tea, and wine. Native North Americans used these fruits in pemmican.
Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) on
Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) on plants.ces.ncsu.edu
Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) at the University of Connecticut Plant Database
Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) at the Missouri Botanical Garden
Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Sep 2020.