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Aronia ×prunifolia (Marshall) Rehder (pro sp.)

Adenorachis atropurpurea (Britton) Nieuwl.

Aronia floribunda (Lindl.) Spach nom. illeg.

Aronia floribunda (Lindl.) Sweet

Mespilus prunifolia Marshall

Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers. var. atropurpurea (Britton) Seymour

Aronia atropurpurea Britton

Photinia floribunda (Lindl.) K.R. Robertson & Phipps

Pyrus arbutifolia (L.) L. f. var. atropurpurea (Britton) B.L. Rob.

Pyrus floribunda Lindl.

Sorbus arbutifolia (L.) Heynh. var. atropurpurea (Britton) C.K. Schneid.

Aronia floribunda (Lindl.) Spach

Aronia prunifolia (Marsh.) Rehder

Red chokeberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderRosalesRose family and eight others
FamilyRosaceaeIncludes apples, apricots, plums, cherries, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries, almonds, roses, meadowsweets, photinias, firethorns, rowans, and hawthorns; many others
GenusAroniaFrom the Greek aria, which is the specific epithet of a mountain ash (Sorbus aria) which has similar fruit
Species×prunifolia

About plant names...

Wild chokeberries like the red chokeberry are native to eastern North America.

Identification: These reach up to 8' (2.4 m) in height, with a spread of about 4' (1.2 m). They are composed of many thin, flexible stems and assume a tall, thin overall shape. Leaves are alternate, obovate, 1½-3½" (3.8-8.9 cm) × ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm), shiny on top, finely hairy and grayish green below, with fine serrations. In the fall, leaves are reddish purple or bright red. Blooms are white, sometimes pinkish, with five petals, about ¼" (6.3 mm) around, and fragrant. Berries are bright red and fairly hard, about ⅜" (9.5 mm), like tiny apples. Berries are about ¼" (6.3 mm) around, in clusters, and last well into winter. Don’t confuse chokeberries and chokecherries.

 

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

Parking lot · 9/25/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

9/3/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 34 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

10/18/2008 · Kimball’s Ice Cream, Westford, MA
≈ 12 × 8" (29 × 19 cm) ID is uncertain

 
Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’

Prunus virginiana
Common Name

red chokeberry

common chokecherry
Plant 6-15' (1.8-4.6 m) high A large shrub or small tree up to 18' (5.5 m) high
Flowers   Bunches (“racemes”) of 15-30 white flowers, each about ½" (1.3 cm) in size
Leaves Leaves turn deep ruby red in fall. Fine serrations, dark above and pale green underneath
Fruit Red, about ¼-⅜" (6.3-9.5 mm) in diameter, very sour Bright red to dark red or black, ¼-⅝" (6.3-15 mm) in diameter, extremely sour
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 4-9

Habitats   Moist woods; stream banks; prairie hillsides; fence rows; rocky bluffs; roadsides
Type Cultivar Wild

 

Edibility: The berries are not poisonous, but they are so tart that they cause choking. Cooked and sweetened, they find their way into jams, syrups, tea, and wine. Native North Americans used these fruits in pemmican.

Online References:

Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) on

Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) on plants.ces.ncsu.edu

Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) at the University of Connecticut Plant Database

Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

9/3/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 34 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

10/18/2008 · Kimball’s Ice Cream, Westford, MA
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 34 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

9/14/2009 · Near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 24 × 16" (62 × 41 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

9/14/2009 · Near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 24 × 16" (62 × 41 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (pro sp.) description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Sep 2020.

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Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

10/4/2008
≈ 13 × 9" (33 × 22 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

9/3/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

9/14/2009 · Near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 24 × 16" (62 × 41 cm) ID is uncertain

Aronia ×prunifolia (red chokeberry)

Parking lot · 9/25/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...