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Avicennia germinans

Avicennia germinans (L.) L.

Avicennia nitida Jacq.

Black Mangrove

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyAcanthaceaeAcanthus family, of tropical herbs and shrubs
GenusAvicenniaAfter Avicenna (Abu Ali Al-Husayn Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Sina) (980-1037), a Persian scientist and philosopher, and considered one of the greatest of the medieval Islamic physicians. Umberto Quattrocchi says: “Scientist, contributed to the fields of Aristotelian philosophy and medicine. Among his many works are the Kitab ash-shifa (“Book of Healing”, a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and the Canon of Medicine, which is among the most famous books in the history of medicine...” He was born at Kharmaithen, in the province of Bokhara [Central Asia, what is now Uzebekistan and what was then part of the Islamic Caliphate] and died at Hamadan in Northern Persia. The following is from the Catholic Encyclopedia: “From the autobiographical sketch which has come down to us we learn that he was a very precocious youth; at the age of ten he knew the Koran by heart; before he was sixteen he had mastered what was to be learned of physics, mathematics, logic, and metaphysics; at the age of sixteen he began the study and practice of medicine; and before he had completed his twenty-first year he wrote his famous “Canon” of medical science, which for several centuries, after his time, remained the principal authority in medical schools both in Europe and in Asia. He served successively several Persian potentates as physician and adviser, travelling with them from place to place, and despite the habits of conviviality for which he was well known, devoted much time to literary labours, as is testified by the hundred volumes which he wrote. Our authority for the foregoing facts is the “Life of Avicenna,” based on his autobiography, written by his disciple Jorjani (Sorsanus), and published in the early Latin editions of his works. Besides the medical “Canon,” he wrote voluminous commentaries on Arisotle’s works and two great encyclopedias entitled “Al Schefa”, or “Al Chifa” (i.e. healing) and “Al Nadja” (i.e. deliverance). The “Canon” and portions of the encyclopedias were translated into Latin as early as the twelfth century, by Gerard of Cremona, Dominicus Gundissalinus, and John Avendeath; they were published at Venice, 1493-95. The complete Arabic texts are said to be are said to be in the manuscript in the Bodleian Library. An Arabic text of the “Canon” and the “Nadja” was published in Rome, 1593.”

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Avicennia germinans description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.

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Avicennia germinans (Black Mangrove)

Note the bear claw scratches. · 4/10/2015 · Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL
≈ 22 × 15" (55 × 37 cm)

Avicennia germinans (Black Mangrove)

4/13/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 28 cm)

Avicennia germinans (Black Mangrove)

4/13/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 28 cm)

Avicennia germinans (Black Mangrove)

4/10/2015 · Everglades National Park, Everglades City, FL
≈ 3½ × 5½' (1.1 × 1.7 m)


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