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Calycanthus floridus

Calycanthus floridus L.

 

Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderLauralesTrees and shrubs, including bay laurels, cinnamon, avocado, sassafras and others
FamilyCalycanthaceaeSweetshrub or spicebush family
GenusCalycanthusFrom the Greek kalyx, “calyx,” and anthos, “flower,” and referring to the similarity between the sepals and petals
SpeciesfloridusEither (1) free flowering, producing abundant flowers; or (2) bright, florid, ornate

About plant names...

Sweetshrub, named for its fragrant flowers, is a North American native found in the eastern United States. It grows in pine or hardwood forests, in ravines, in rocky woods, and along streams. Sweetshrub is long popular as a landscape planting.

Plants: Rounded shrubs 6-9' (1.8-2.7 m) around.

Leaves: Medium dark green, ovate to elliptical, opposite, with smooth edges. They are aromatic when crushed.

Flowers: Blood red to maroon to reddish brown, with straplike tepals, sometimes very fragrant, 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) around. (They may also be green or yellow in color.) The fragrance is said by some to have hints of pineapple, straw­berry, and banana. Flowers appear from April to July.

Fruits: Fruits are 2-3" (5-7.6 cm) long, wrinkly, and urn-shaped, fading from green to leathery brown.

Edibility: The aromatic bark is sometimes dried and used as a substitute for cinnamon.

Online References:

Calycanthus floridus at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Calycanthus floridus on www.uaex.edu

Calycanthus floridus on gnps.org

Calycanthus floridus on atlas.uwa.edu

Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

6/17/2012 · Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, Boothbay, ME
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

6/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 4½ × 3" (11 × 7.9 cm)

Calycanthus floridus description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

6/17/2012 · Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, Boothbay, ME
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

6/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

6/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 12 × 8" (31 × 20 cm)

Calycanthus floridus (Sweet Shrub, Carolina Allspice, Eastern Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub)

6/17/2012 · Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, Boothbay, ME
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Range: Zones 4-9:

About this map...