Cladonia fimbriata (L.) Fr.
Cladonia major (K. Hagen) Sandst.
Trumpet Lichen, Cup Lichen
The trumpet-like fruiting structures of these lichens (apothecia) are believed to help in distributing the spores—falling raindrops caught by the structures are splashed some distance, taking the spores with them.
Identification: The lichen and “trumpets” are gray-green in color. Each stalk is less than 1" (2.5 cm) in height. Several Cladonia members share these structures, so this ID is tentative.
Cladonia fimbriata on Stephen Sharnoff Photography
Cladonia fimbriata on Lichens of Ireland
Cladonia fimbriata at Alan Silverside's Lichen Pages on LastDragon.org
Cladonia fimbriata on Wikimedia Commons
Cladonia fimbriata on the Ecology of Commanster
Cladonia fimbriata on the Stridvall Family Domain
Cladonia fimbriata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.