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Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.

Dutchman’s breeches

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderPapaveralesA group that includes buttercups and other poisonous plants
FamilyFumariaceaeFumitory, fumewort, or bleeding-heart family
GenusDicentraFrom the Greek dis, “twice,” and centron, “spur,” meaning “twice-spurred,” in reference to the flower shape

About plant names...

Dutchman’s breeches, so-called because of the flowers’ resemblance to white Dutchman’s breeches, are related to bleeding hearts.

Identification: Plants are 7-20" (17-50 cm) high. Flowers are white, shaped like Dutchman’s breeches, up to 1" (2.5 cm) long, hanging down from flower stalks up to 10" (25 cm) long. Leaves are 5-20" (12-50 cm) long, arranged in groups of three, finely divided, at the ends of long stems. See Lamprocapnos for a comparison table.

Online References:

Dicentra cucullaria on Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses

Dicentra cucullaria on Missouriplants.com

Dicentra cucullaria on Wikipedia

Dicentra cucullaria at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Dicentra cucullaria on Wildflowers of the United States

Dicentra cucullaria in Paghat's Garden

Dicentra cucullaria on CalPhotos

Dicentra cucullaria at the Oregon Flora Image Project

Dicentra cucullaria on eFloras

Bicuculla cucullaria (L.) Millsp.

Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. var. occidentalis (Rydb.) M. Peck

Dicentra occidentalis (Rydb.) Fedde


Dicentra cucullaria description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s breeches)

5/11/2007 · Falmouth, Maine · By Constance B. Kent


About this map...