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Monstera adansonii Schott

Swiss cheese plant

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassAlismatidaeAquatic and marshy plants
OrderAlismatalesHerbaceous flowering plants found in marshy habitats
FamilyAraceaeArum family, with plants whose flower is enclosed in a spathe

About plant names...

I encountered a great deal of uncertainty as to the name of this species, which is variable enough in appearance to confuse even the experts. It is a native of the Amazon regions of Peru, Ecuador, and Brazil. It is also found in Antigua, Saba, St. Kitts, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada, and Trinidad & Tobago. It was listed in a botanical garden as Philodendron monstera oblique ‘Swiss Cheese,’ but this cannot be correct. The genus Monstera refers to the very large size adult leaves can reach. The one thing pretty much everyone agrees on is the common name “swiss cheese plant,” because its large leaves often have holes.

Identification: This vine is an epiphyte, sometimes found growing on trees. It may reach 13' (4 m) in length. Leaves in mature plants are 20-30" (50-75 cm), and usually have many oval-shaped holes. Flowers are waxy and white, composed of a white spathe up to 7" (18 cm) in size, and a light green spadix.

Online References:

Monstera adansonii at the Exotic Rainforest

Monstera adansonii on Tropicos®

Monstera adansonii at Plants of Saint Lucia


Monstera adansonii (Swiss cheese plant)

4/6/2011 · Howard Peters Rawlings Conservatory & Botanic Gardens, Druid Hill Park, Baltimore, Mary­land
≈ 24 × 16" (62 × 41 cm)

Monstera adansonii (Swiss cheese plant)

By W. Fitch, Curtis’s Botanical Magazine v.84 [ser.3:v.14] (1858)

Monstera oblique Leichtlinii

Monstera oblique

Monstera friedrichsthalii

Monstera ecuadorensis Engl. & Krause

Monstera imrayana Schott

Monstera jacquinii Schott

Monstera macrophylla Schott

Philodendron pertusum (L.) Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Tornelia laniata Schott

Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese


Monstera adansonii description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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