Scutellaria galericulata L.
Scutellaria epilobiifolia A. Ham.
Scutellaria galericulata L. ssp. pubescens (Benth.) A. Löve & D. Löve
Scutellaria galericulata L. var. epilobiifolia (A. Ham.) Jordal
Scutellaria galericulata L. var. pubescens Benth.
Common Skullcap, Marsh Skullcap, Hooded Skullcap
Marsh skullcap is native to Europe, Asia, and much of North America. The species name, galericulata, means “hooded”—a reference to the hooded shape of the flowers.
Identification: These perennials are 8-18" (20-45 cm) in height, rarely reaching 31" (80 cm). They favor wet, marshy areas. Leaves are in opposite pairs, with each leaf ⅜-1¾" (1-5 cm) × ⅛-¾" (3-20 mm). Leaves have small, widely spaced teeth. Flowers are blue to purplish, tubular, ⅜-¾" (1-2 cm) long and ⅛-¼" (5-7 mm) around, with a distinctive shape. Flowers appear from June to September. Fruits are small brown warty nutlets.
Medical: This plant is rarely used as a substitute for Scutellaria lateriflora, as an anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, or sleep aid. Many sources, including us, don’t recommend this practice though, because the safety of this species is unconfirmed; because there are over 300 related species, some dangerous; and because negative symptoms have been reported for this one.
Scutellaria galericulata at Alaskawildflowers.us
Scutellaria galericulata at the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens
Scutellaria galericulata at Skye Flora
Scutellaria galericulata on Wildflowers, Ferns & Trees of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah
Scutellaria galericulata at Minnesota Wildflowers
Scutellaria galericulata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.