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Simmondsia chinensis

Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C.K. Schneid.

Buxus chinensis Link

Simmondsia californica Nutt.

Jojoba, Pignut, Goat Nut, Deer Nut, Wild Hazel, Quinine Nut, Coffeeberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassCaryophyllidaeCacti, many other succulents, carnivorous plants, and leadworts
OrderCaryophyllalesIncludes cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and many carnivorous plants
GenusSimmondsiaAfter Thomas William Simmonds (1767-1804), an English botanist and physician who died exploring Trinidad
SpecieschinensisOf or referring to China

About plant names...

Jojoba (pronounced “huh-HO-buh”) is native to the Sonoran and Mojave deserts in the American southwest and Mexico. Plants live for 100-200 years. It contains a liquid wax that is extracted commercially for its high stability and high tolerance of heat.

Identification: Jojoba is a dense shrub reaching 3-6½' (1-2 m). Leaves are gray-green or blue-green in color, and ¾-1¾" (2-5 cm) long × ½-1" (1.5-3 cm) wide. Flowers are greenish yellow, and lack true petals (though the leafy bracts look like green petals). Fruits are berries up to 1" (2.5 cm) in diameter.

Medical: Jojoba, which is apparently an emetic, was used as a folk medicine by Baja California indians for a wide range of ailments ranging from colds and head sores to cancer.

Edibility: Jojoba nuts are edible when roasted; they can also be used to make coffee. Recipes here.

Online References:

Simmondsia chinensis at the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Center for Sonoran Desert Studies

Simmondsia chinensis as Compiled by the Master Gardeners of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension

Simmondsia chinensis at Purdue University's Center for New Crops and Plants Products

Simmondsia chinensis on Desert-tropicals.com

Simmondsia chinensis on Wikipedia

Simmondsia chinensis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba, Pignut, Goat Nut, Deer Nut, Wild Hazel, Quinine Nut, Coffeeberry)

Female. · 2/28/2010 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA
≈ 3½ × 2½' (1.2 × 0.8 m)


About this map...