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Solidago uliginosa Nutt.

 

Bog goldenrod

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderAsteralesFlowering plants with a central disk flower and surrounding petals, like daisies
FamilyAsteraceaeThe aster family, which also includes daisies and sunflowers; from the Greek ἀστήρ, “star,” for the star-shaped flowers
GenusSolidagoFrom Latin solido, “to make whole or heal,” because it was believed these species had healing properties
Speciesuliginosa"Growing in marshes" (from Stearn's Botanical Latin)

About plant names...

Bog goldenrod is a native of North America, preferring bogs, fens, and cedar or other conifer swamps. For a comparison chart of some of the varieties of goldenrods, see Solidago.

Plants: Plants are perennials, and are 24-60" (60-152 cm) high. They are found in bogs and swamps, an identifying feature (since most goldenrods prefer dry land). Stems are round, not four-sided as in some goldenrods, and smooth (hairless).

Leaves: Leaves at the base of the plant are up to 12" (30 cm) long and about one eighth as wide, and finely toothed. All leaves are smooth on top. The base of each leaf is clasping—it wraps partly around the stem.

Flowers: The yellow flowerheads, up to 7" (17 cm) long, form a tight conical cluster at the top of the plant. Individual flowers have 1-8 petals. They appear from August to October.

Fruits: Pappi, small balls of featherlike hairs, like miniature dandelions gone to seed, each about ⅛" (3.2 mm) around.

Edibility: Not edible.

Online References:

Solidago uliginosa on Ontario Wildflowers

Solidago uliginosa on

Solidago uliginosa on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Solidago uliginosa on eFloras

Solidago uliginosa at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Solidago uliginosa at the U.S. Geological Survey's Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Solidago uliginosa at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Solidago uliginosa on michiganflora.net

References:

Newcomb, Lawrence, Morrison, Gordon (Illus.), Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide, Little, Brown and Company, 1977, p. 446

Peterson, Roger Tory, McKenny, Margaret, Peterson Field Guides: A Field Guide to Wildflowers of Northeastern and North Central North America, Houghton Mifflin, 1968, p. 194

Solidago uliginosa (bog goldenrod)

9/11/2012 · Mt. Watatic, Ashburnham, MA
≈ 9 × 13" (22 × 33 cm)

Solidago uliginosa description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 20 Aug 2020.

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Solidago uliginosa (bog goldenrod)

9/11/2012 · Mt. Watatic, Ashburnham, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 28 cm)

Solidago uliginosa (bog goldenrod)

8/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 9" (14 × 22 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago uliginosa (bog goldenrod)

8/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago uliginosa (bog goldenrod)

8/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...