Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.
Ampelopsis hederacea (Ehrh.) DC. var. murorum Focke
Ampelopsis latifolia Tausch
Ampelopsis quinquefolia (L.) Michx.
Hedera quinquefolia L.
Parthenocissus hirsuta (Pursh) Graebn.
Parthenocissus inserta (Kern.) Fritsch
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. hirsuta (Pursh) Planch.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. murorum (Focke) Rehder
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. saintpaulii (Koehne ex Graebn.) Rehder
Psedera quinquefolia (L.) Greene
Psedera quinquefolia (L.) Greene var. murorum (Focke) Rehder
Vitis inserta Kern.
Vitis quinquefolia (L.) Lam.
Virginia creeper is a North American native.
Identification: These woody vines grow aggressively, moving horizontally across surfaces, or vertically to heights of 40' (12 m). Leaf clusters usually have five leaves, sometimes 3 or 7, with coarsely serrated edges, turning a beautiful shade of red in the fall. Leaves are 3-7" (7.6-17 cm) long and ¾-2" (1.9-5 cm) wide. Flowers are greenish-white, and inconspicuous. Berries are purplish black, but look as if they have been dipped in powdered sugar, so they appear lighter and powdery. Each berry is about ¼" (6.3 mm) in diameter. They are borne on short stalks that may be dull or brilliant red.
Poison ivy, another climbing vine, is occasionally confused with Virginia creeper. But poison ivy has leaves in groups of three, while Virginia creeper’s leaf clusters usually include five leaves. Don’t confuse them, because poison ivy causes a miserable rash.
Edibility: Poisonous The bitter-tasting berries contain enough oxalic acid to be poisonous to people, though some birds eat them. The rest of the plant is neither harmful nor edible. Handling the plant may trigger an allergic response.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia on www.carolinanature.com
Parthenocissus quinquefolia at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Parthenocissus quinquefolia on floridata.com
Parthenocissus quinquefolia on the Image Archive of Central Texas Plants
Parthenocissus quinquefolia on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Parthenocissus quinquefolia description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Oct 2018.
Range: Zones 3-9: