Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl.
Habenaria fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) R. Br. nom. inval.
Habenaria fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) R. Br. ex Spreng.
Orchis fissa Muhl. ex Willd.
Orchis incisa Muhl. ex Willd.
Platanthera fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) Lindl.
Platanthera incisa (Muhl. ex Willd.) Lindl.
Blephariglotis psycodes (L.) Rydb.
Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng.
Small purple fringed orchid
These attractive orchids are North American natives.
Identification: Plants are 8-39" (20-100 cm) tall, with a single, hairless stem. Leaves at the base are oval (elliptic), or sometimes oval but wider at the end opposite the stem (obovate). Further up the stem, the leaves become much smaller and narrower. The leaves are alternate, have pointed tips, and parallel veins. A cone-shaped inflorescence up to 10" (25 cm) long tops the stem, containing 20-50 lovely flowers. Flowers are lilac-colored, sometimes more reddish, rarely white; about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) around, with dainty fringes (fine teeth). They appear from July to August.
Lesser purple fringed orchid has a bigger brother, unsurprisingly called greater purple fringed orchid, Platanthera grandiflora. It has larger flowers, with lip petals at least ½" (1.4 cm) wide. Fruits are narrow, three-ribbed capsules on short stalks.
Platanthera psycodes on www.botany.wisc.edu
Platanthera psycodes at Minnesota Wildflowers
Platanthera psycodes at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium
Platanthera psycodes on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site
Platanthera psycodes on eFloras
Platanthera psycodes description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.