FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Fragaria virginiana

Fragaria virginiana Duchesne

 

Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderRosalesRose family and eight others
FamilyRosaceaeIncludes apples, apricots, plums, cherries, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries, almonds, roses, meadowsweets, photinias, firethorns, rowans, and hawthorns; many others
GenusFragariaFrom the Latin fraga, “strawberry,” which derives from fragum, “fragrant,” from the fragrance of the fruit
SpeciesvirginianaFrom or referring to Virginia

About plant names...

This strawberry is native to North America. Often called the wild strawberry, its preferred common name is Virginia strawberry, since there is another common wild strawberry called the woodland strawberry.

Identification: Virginia strawberries remain close to the ground, spreading via their root systems. Leaf stalks up to 6" (15 cm) long bear groups of three leaves. Each leaf is oval in shape, with a serrated edge, about ¾-1½" (1.9-3.8 cm) long. Flowers are white with a yellow center, about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter, with five petals. Strawberries are about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter.

Common strawberries are similar to wild strawberries, and look a little like distantly related mock strawberries and barren strawberries. If the flowers are light pink or hot pink, you probably have a cultivated variety.

 

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/4/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, East Pepperell, MA
≈ 10 × 7" (24 × 18 cm)

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/19/2016 · Bemis Road Trails, Pepperell, MA

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/19/2016 · Bemis Road Trails, Pepperell, MA

 
Duchesnea indica

Fragaria ‘Red Ruby’

Fragaria vesca
Common Name

Mock Strawberry

Ornamental Strawberry

Alpine Strawberry
Plant Plants are 2-5" (5-12 cm) high. About 5" (12 cm) high and 12-24" (30-60 cm) around. Plants are low-growing, typically 3-6" (7.6-15 cm) tall.
Flowers Flowers are yellow, with five petals, about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) in diameter. They flower from April to August. Deep pink, about ¼-¾" (8.3-19 mm) in diameter, with five petals. Flowers are white, about ½" (1.5 cm) across.
Leaves Leaves are in groups of three, dark green, heavily veined beneath, with rounded teeth. They are oval to elliptic, ¾-3" (1.9-7.6 cm) × ¼-1½" (8.5-38 mm), and hairy. Dark green, in groups of three, glossy. Leaves occur in groups of three; each leaflet is ½-2½" (1.5-6.3 cm) long.
Fruit Red berries are ¼-½" (6.3-12 mm) in diameter, more spherical than strawberry-like in shape. The seedlike achenes on the berry are prominently raised, making the fruit resemble a tiny land mine. Occasionally produces fruit. Up to ⅜" (1 cm) across. Red or white in color.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 5-8

Habitats   Sun to light shade; well-drained soil  
Type Wild Cultivar Wild

 

  You are here
Fragaria virginiana

Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa

Waldsteinia fragarioides
Common Name

Common Strawberry

Strawberry

Barren Strawberry
Plant 2-4" (5-10 cm) high. 4-8" (10-20 cm) high. 3-8" (7.6-20 cm) high
Flowers White flowers with yellow centers, about ½" (1.3 cm) around. Flowers remain at the level of the leaves. Most have white flowers, though some are pink; flowers have five rounded petals. Yellow, on a leafless stalk, with five petals, ¼-¾" (8.4-19 mm) around, blooms April-May.
Leaves Leaf stalks up to 6" (15 cm) long bear groups of three leaves. Each leaf is oval in shape, with a serrated edge, about ¾-1½" (1.9-3.8 cm) long. Leaves occur in groups of three. They are fairly rounded in shape, edged with rounded teeth. Near the base of the plant, three-lobed, with rounded teeth and shallow lobes. Each leaflet is narrow at the base, widening to rounded ends.
Fruit Berries are red, about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter. Seeds are embedded in the berry. Sepals point outward. Fruits become white, then red, up to 1½" (3.8 cm) in size. Dry, inconspicuous seeds.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 5-9

Habitats Fields, prairies, woodland edges   Pine forests, clearings
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

Edibility: Berries are delicious—much more flavorful than the cultivated varieties. Use them anywhere you would use cultivated strawberries.

Online References:

Fragaria virginiana on Missouriplants.com

Fragaria virginiana at Illinois Wildflowers

Fragaria virginiana at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Fragaria virginiana on BorealForest.org

Fragaria virginiana at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site

Fragaria virginiana on Montana Plant Life

Fragaria virginiana on CalPhotos

Fragaria virginiana at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Fragaria virginiana at the Island Creek Elementary School's Study of Northern Virginia Ecology

Fragaria virginiana on Southeastern Flora, the Southeastern U.S. Plant Identification Resource

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 7 × 8" (16 × 19 cm)

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

4/24/2011 · Kevin and Becky’s, Rockland, ME
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm) ID is uncertain

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

4/25/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, Groton, MA
≈ 8 × 6" (21 × 14 cm)

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/15/2015 · Willard Brook State Park, Ashby, MA
≈ 4 × 3" (11 × 8.4 cm)

Fragaria virginiana description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 17 Jun 2016.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

6/14/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 5 × 4" (12 × 11 cm)

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/6/2016 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, Groton, MA

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

4/23/2010 · Nashua Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 6 × 5" (15 × 13 cm)

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

5/15/1979 · VA · By Tim Chandler

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

9/16/2016 · Sieur de Monts Botanical Gardens, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

4/17/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 6 × 6" (14 × 14 cm)

Fragaria virginiana (Common Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Range:

About this map...