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Lonicera fragrantissima

Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton

Xylosteon fragrantissimum (Lindl. & Paxton) Small

Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring, January Jasmine, Fragrant Honeysuckle

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderDipsacalesIncludes viburnum, honeysuckle, snowberry, beautybush, twinflower, many others
FamilyCaprifoliaceaeHoneysuckle family
GenusLoniceraEither Latin for honeysuckle, though this is not a “true” honeysuckle; or named for Adam Lonitzer (1528-1586), a German herbalist, physician and botanist who wrote a standard herbal text that was reprinted many times between 1557 and 1783
SpeciesfragrantissimaMeans “smells good”

About plant names...

Winter honeysuckle is native to China, but it has escaped from landscaping in North America, becoming established (sometimes very invasive) in the eastern United States.

Identification: Shrubs are 3-9½' (1-3 m) around. Leaves are opposite, roughly oval, with smooth edges. Blooms are a creamy white color, in pairs, appearing in March-April, and very fragrant, with a lemony smell. Fruits are orange to red berries up to ⅜" (1 cm) across.

Here is a comparison with some other honeysuckles and Mexican honeysuckle, which is a different genus.

 

Lonicera fragrantissima (Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring, January Jasmine, Fragrant Honeysuckle)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 21 × 31" (52 × 78 cm)

Lonicera fragrantissima (Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring, January Jasmine, Fragrant Honeysuckle)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm)

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Lonicera fragrantissima

Lonicera japonica

Lonicera sempervirens
Common Name

Winter Honeysuckle

Japanese Honeysuckle

Trumpet Honeysuckle
Plant Shrubs are 3-9½' (1-3 m) around A vine up to 16' (5 m) in size. Young stems are reddish- or light-brown, while older stems are hollow, with peeling bark Trumpet honeysuckle is a twining vine 3-20' (91-609 cm) long, depending upon what it has to climb over. Bark is orange-brown, and peeling.
Flowers Blooms are a creamy white color, in pairs, appearing in March-April, and very fragrant, with a lemony smell Flowers are white, showy, fragrant, about 1" (2.5 cm) in size. They fade to a yellow color, so the vine appears to have white and yellow flowers In clusters of 2-4, each red or orange with yellow interiors, 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) long, trumpet-shaped. They appear from April to July.
Leaves Leaves are opposite, roughly oval, with smooth edges Leaves are opposite, roughly oval-shaped, with smooth edges. Younger leaves may have lobes Roughly oval in shape, opposite, bluish green, and 1-3" (2.5-7.6 cm) long. Leaves at the base of flowers are fused at the base.
Fruit Orange to red berries up to ⅜" (1 cm) across Black, about ⅛" (3.2 mm) around Berries are orange-red to deep red in color
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 4-8

USDA Zones: 4-9
Type Wild Wild Wild
Occurrence      

 

 
Lonicera tatarica

Justicia spicigera
Common Name

Tatarian Honeysuckle

Mexican Honeysuckle
Plant Densely branched shrub, up to 10-12' (3-3.7 m) around 3-4' (91-121 cm) high and 4-6' (1.2-1.8 m) around
Flowers Pairs of flowers, each about ¾" (1.9 cm) around, may be white, pink, or rose. Each flower has five spatula-shaped, somewhat unruly-looking petals, and five anthers Bright orange, tubular in shape
Leaves Leaves are oval in shape, with smooth edges and a bluish cast, 1½-2½" (3.8-6.3 cm) long × 1-1½" (2.5-3.8 cm) wide, in opposite pairs Roughly oval, soft and velvety, up to 3" (7.6 cm) long
Fruit Berries are orange to red, about ¼" (6.3 mm) in diameter, often lasting through the winter  
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 9-10
Type Wild Wild
Occurrence Common to invasive  

 

Online References:

Lonicera fragrantissima on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Lonicera fragrantissima at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Lonicera fragrantissima on the USDA Plants Database

Lonicera fragrantissima on Wikipedia

Lonicera fragrantissima on www.texasinvasives.org

Lonicera fragrantissima on FLORIDATA

Lonicera fragrantissima at the University of Connecticut Plant Database

Lonicera fragrantissima on Wildflowers of the United States

Lonicera fragrantissima on eFloras

Lonicera fragrantissima (Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring, January Jasmine, Fragrant Honeysuckle)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm)

Lonicera fragrantissima description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Lonicera fragrantissima (Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring, January Jasmine, Fragrant Honeysuckle)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 3½ × 2½' (1.2 × 0.8 m)

Range: Zones 4-8:

About this map...