Castilleja foliolosa Hook. & Arn.
Woolly Indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush
Texas Indian paintbrush is a North American native, but it isn’t found in Texas at all: it is found in northern Baja California and California. If you’re interested in Castillejas, don’t miss Mark Egger’s superb photographic compilation on Flickr. See also this Castilleja comparison table.
Identification: Plants are 12-24" (30-60 cm) tall, multiply branched, coated with a “felt” of white to gray, branched hairs. Leaves are ⅜-1¾" (1-5 cm) long, mostly linear (long and narrow), sometimes forked. Flower clusters are 1-8" (3-20 cm). Each flower is ½-⅞" (1.5-2.5 cm) in size, surrounded with bracts (modified leaves) of similar size. Flowers are orange-red or sometimes yellow-green in color, appearing from March to June. Fruits are ⅜-½" (1-1.5 cm) long, with seeds that are ¹/₃₂-¹/₁₆" (1.5-2 mm).
Castilleja foliolosa at Mark Egger’s Castilleja site on Flickr
Castilleja foliolosa on CalPhotos
Castilleja foliolosa on the USDA Plants Database
Castilleja foliolosa on Wildflowers in Santa Barbara
Castilleja foliolosa at the Anza-Borrego Desert Natural History Association
Castilleja foliolosa from the Jepson Manual
Castilleja foliolosa description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.